最近把App的所有请求都换成Https,在测试的时候,部分手机发现请求失败,失败的异常信息如下:

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javax.net.ssl.SSLHandshakeException: javax.net.ssl.SSLProtocolException: SSL handshake aborted: ssl=0x783e8e70: Failure in SSL library, usually a protocol error
error:14077102:SSL routines:SSL23_GET_SERVER_HELLO:unsupported protocol (external/openssl/ssl/s23_clnt.c:714 0x71a20cf8:0x00000000)

该异常为握手失败,但是为什么有的手机可以成功有的手机又失败了呢,首先查看我们服务端接口TLS支持的版本为1.x,后来发现失败的手机都是5.x以下的版本,推测应该是和这个有关,然后查阅官方文档,SSLSocket中有提到TLS版本和Android SDK版本的对应表,如下:

Protocol Supported (API Levels) Enabled by default (API Levels)
SSLv3 1+ 1+
TLSv1 1+ 1+
TLSv1.1 16+ 20+
TLSv1.2 16+ 20+

通过这个表看到,TLSv1.x(1.1,1.2)Android默认从API16开始支持,而从API20开始默认可用,这就可以解释之前为什么5.x以下手机在进行请求时失败了。

知道问题的原因,我们就要解决,当然服务端可以支持TLSv1版本,这样我们就都可以请求成功,但是这并不是最好的解决方法,我们当然要让我们的App支持新的TLS协议才对。

通过官方文档发现Cipher suites有的也是API20+支持或者默认可用,所以我们如果想支持TLSv1.x版本,可能需要给低版本添加Cipher suites,所以我们需要自定义SSLSocketFactory,自定义的SSLSocketFactory如下:

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public class SSL extends SSLSocketFactory {
private SSLSocketFactory defaultFactory;
// Android 5.0+ (API level21) provides reasonable default settings
// but it still allows SSLv3
// https://developer.android.com/about/versions/android-5.0-changes.html#ssl
static String protocols[] = null, cipherSuites[] = null;

static {
try {
SSLSocket socket = (SSLSocket) SSLSocketFactory.getDefault().createSocket();
if (socket != null) {
/* set reasonable protocol versions */
// - enable all supported protocols (enables TLSv1.1 and TLSv1.2 on Android <5.0)
// - remove all SSL versions (especially SSLv3) because they're insecure now
List<String> protocols = new LinkedList<>();
for (String protocol : socket.getSupportedProtocols())
if (!protocol.toUpperCase().contains("SSL"))
protocols.add(protocol);
SSL.protocols = protocols.toArray(new String[protocols.size()]);
/* set up reasonable cipher suites */
if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT < Build.VERSION_CODES.LOLLIPOP) {
// choose known secure cipher suites
List<String> allowedCiphers = Arrays.asList(
// TLS 1.2
"TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_256_GCM_SHA384",
"TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256",
"TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256",
"TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256",
"TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_256_GCM_SHA384",
"TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256",
"TLS_ECHDE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256",
// maximum interoperability
"TLS_RSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA",
"TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA",
// additionally
"TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA",
"TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA",
"TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA",
"TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA",
"TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA");
List<String> availableCiphers = Arrays.asList(socket.getSupportedCipherSuites());
// take all allowed ciphers that are available and put them into preferredCiphers
HashSet<String> preferredCiphers = new HashSet<>(allowedCiphers);
preferredCiphers.retainAll(availableCiphers);
/* For maximum security, preferredCiphers should *replace* enabled ciphers (thus disabling
* ciphers which are enabled by default, but have become unsecure), but I guess for
* the security level of DAVdroid and maximum compatibility, disabling of insecure
* ciphers should be a server-side task */
// add preferred ciphers to enabled ciphers
HashSet<String> enabledCiphers = preferredCiphers;
enabledCiphers.addAll(new HashSet<>(Arrays.asList(socket.getEnabledCipherSuites())));
SSL.cipherSuites = enabledCiphers.toArray(new String[enabledCiphers.size()]);
}
}
} catch (IOException e) {
throw new RuntimeException(e);
}
}

public SSL(X509TrustManager tm) {
try {
SSLContext sslContext = SSLContext.getInstance("TLS");
sslContext.init(null, (tm != null) ? new X509TrustManager[]{tm} : null, null);
defaultFactory = sslContext.getSocketFactory();
} catch (GeneralSecurityException e) {
throw new AssertionError(); // The system has no TLS. Just give up.
}
}

private void upgradeTLS(SSLSocket ssl) {
// Android 5.0+ (API level21) provides reasonable default settings
// but it still allows SSLv3
// https://developer.android.com/about/versions/android-5.0-changes.html#ssl
if (protocols != null) {
ssl.setEnabledProtocols(protocols);
}
if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT < Build.VERSION_CODES.LOLLIPOP && cipherSuites != null) {
ssl.setEnabledCipherSuites(cipherSuites);
}
}

@Override public String[] getDefaultCipherSuites() {
return cipherSuites;
}

@Override public String[] getSupportedCipherSuites() {
return cipherSuites;
}

@Override public Socket createSocket(Socket s, String host, int port, boolean autoClose) throws IOException {
Socket ssl = defaultFactory.createSocket(s, host, port, autoClose);
if (ssl instanceof SSLSocket)
upgradeTLS((SSLSocket) ssl);
return ssl;
}

@Override public Socket createSocket(String host, int port) throws IOException, UnknownHostException {
Socket ssl = defaultFactory.createSocket(host, port);
if (ssl instanceof SSLSocket)
upgradeTLS((SSLSocket) ssl);
return ssl;
}

@Override public Socket createSocket(String host, int port, InetAddress localHost, int localPort) throws IOException, UnknownHostException {
Socket ssl = defaultFactory.createSocket(host, port, localHost, localPort);
if (ssl instanceof SSLSocket)
upgradeTLS((SSLSocket) ssl);
return ssl;
}

@Override public Socket createSocket(InetAddress host, int port) throws IOException {
Socket ssl = defaultFactory.createSocket(host, port);
if (ssl instanceof SSLSocket)
upgradeTLS((SSLSocket) ssl);
return ssl;
}

@Override public Socket createSocket(InetAddress address, int port, InetAddress localAddress, int localPort) throws IOException {
Socket ssl = defaultFactory.createSocket(address, port, localAddress, localPort);
if (ssl instanceof SSLSocket)
upgradeTLS((SSLSocket) ssl);
return ssl;
}
}

然后我们只需要给我们的请求设置这个SSLSocketFactory就可以了,我们以okhttp为例,如下:

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//定义一个信任所有证书的TrustManager
final X509TrustManager trustAllCert = new X509TrustManager() {
@Override
public void checkClientTrusted(java.security.cert.X509Certificate[] chain, String authType) throws CertificateException {
}

@Override
public void checkServerTrusted(java.security.cert.X509Certificate[] chain, String authType) throws CertificateException {
}

@Override
public java.security.cert.X509Certificate[] getAcceptedIssuers() {
return new java.security.cert.X509Certificate[]{};
}
};
//设置OkHttpClient
OkHttpClient client = new OkHttpClient
.Builder()
.sslSocketFactory(new SSL(trustAllCert), trustAllCert)
.build();

设置之后,用低版本手机测试Https,现在可以测试成功了。